Updated: Nov 2019
Plans, performs, supervises, and leads Special Reconnaissance (SR) functions of command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C3ISR) to allow for mission planning, special operations mission execution, and application of airpower across the full spectrum of military operations in all geographic and environmental conditions. May be employed alone or as part of an Air Force, joint, interagency, or coalition force, in support of Combatant Commander’s objectives. Capable of rapid deployment during day or night, to any environment, including permissive, hostile, denied, or politically and/or diplomatically sensitive locales. Operates in the six geographic disciplines: mountain, desert, arctic, urban, jungle and water. May operate under austere conditions for extended periods. Conducts Preparation of the Environment (PE) activities utilizing indigenous sources, organic equipment, and remote controlled technology. Integrates SR into Military Decision-Making Processes (MDMP) and Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment (IPOE) channels to maximize combat power.
This AFSC was formerly 1W0X2 - Special Operations Weather.
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NOTE: Demographic are for teh 1W0X2 - Special Operations Weather AFSC. Numbers may have changed with the AFSC update.
For Entry Into This Specialty
- Ability to speak English distinctly.
- 3Successful completion of the Special Reconnaissance physical ability and stamina test (PAST).
- Minimum score of 30 required on SR selection model completed in Tailored Adaptive Personality Assessment System (TA PAS).
- Physical qualification and maintenance of personal physical standards
- Specialty requires routine access to Top Secret material or similar environment including SAPs
Duties and Responsibilities
Plans, coordinates, and conducts Operational Preparation of the Environment (OPE) activities to develop knowledge of the environment, establish, develop, or verify human and physical infrastructure, and perform general target development.
Plans, organizes, supervises, and establishes Advanced Force Operations (AFO) to develop environment and infrastructure for near-term Direct Action (DA), as well as reception, staging, onward movement, and integration (RSOI) of forces. Refines location of identified targets and performs organic long-range precision engagement and target interdiction.
Plans, coordinates, conducts, and manages collection, verification, and transmission of time-sensitive reconnaissance and surveillance on activities of actual or potential enemies and enemy assets, routes, potential assault zones, targets, objectives, areas of interest, potential cache sites, recovery corridors, and infrastructure. Utilizes organic sources, and advanced technologies – including indigenous sources, ground based sensors, and unmanned aerial systems (UAS) – to conduct SR. Reports current information relevant to the operating environment.
Manages, observes, collects, analyzes, tailors, integrates, and transmits meteorological, oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, and space (electronic warfare) environmental information from, permissive, denied, hostile, or sensitive and data-denied areas into military decision-making processes. Alerts combatant commanders of dangerous or inclement terrestrial and space environmental events. Uses detailed understanding of the environment to translate raw data into actionable, decision-quality information.
Performs tactical mission planning and preparation. Understands special operations tactics, techniques and procedures.
Deploys into permissive, hostile, denied, or politically and/or diplomatically sensitive environments, and forward operating locations by land (mounted, special purpose vehicle or dismounted), sea (surface or subsurface naval vessel, small watercraft, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus [SCUBA], or surface swim) or air (parachute, airmobile, air-land) to participate in the full spectrum of military operations to include air expeditionary force, special reconnaissance (SR), force projection, direct action (DA), counterinsurgency (COIN), counter narcotic (CN), counterterrorism (CT), countering weapons of mass destruction(CWMD), foreign internal defense (FID), unconventional warfare (UW), security force assistance, humanitarian assistance, hostage rescue and recovery, personnel recovery (PR), noncombatant evacuation operations (NEO), operational and intelligence preparation of the environment (OPE, IPE), advanced force operations (AFO), and fire support operations. Uses demolitions to create or remove obstacles to maneuver and to prepare tactical sites. Maintains qualification on assigned primary, foreign, and crew served weaponry, with emphasis on long-range rifle target interdiction.
Knowledge. This specialty requires knowledge of: Air Force Special Warfare doctrine and utilization; small arms to include long-range precision engagement and target interdiction equipment, and crew served weaponry; navigation techniques; movement and route selection; infiltration, insertion, extraction, and exfiltration methods; night vision equipment, GPS and other operational equipment; small unit tactics; survival techniques; air operations including parachute procedures and equipment; amphibious and water operations; vehicle operations including mounted and special purpose vehicles; demolition applications; communications and signaling to include tactical cyber applications; antenna theory; reconnaissance and surveillance principles and procedures; photographic documentation; operation and operator maintenance of reconnaissance, surveillance, meteorological, and environmental data collection and communications systems; preparation of the environment, operational preparation of the environment, and advance force operations; intelligence preparation of the operational environment including human intelligence principles and meteorological/oceanographic characteristics; meteorological observation, analysis, and integration of meteorological, oceanographic, hydrologic, geological, and space environment information; use of environmental products from operational and strategic centers; meteorological effects on aircraft flight characteristics; topography, aeronautical charts, and publication use; joint service operations; military weapons systems; mission planning, preparation, and military decision-making processes.
Education. For entry into this specialty, a high school diploma or equivalent is required. Courses in physics, chemistry, earth sciences, geography, computer sciences, and mathematics are desirable.
Training. For award of AFSC 1Z431, completion of the following formal courses is mandatory:
- Special Warfare Preparatory Course.
- Special Warfare Assessment and Selection Course.
- Special Warfare SOF Common Skills Course.
- Special Warfare Pre-dive Course.
- Open and Closed Circuit Dive Courses.
- U.S. Army Basic Airborne Course (Static-Line Parachutist).
- Military Free Fall Course (MFF Parachutist).
- Level C Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape training.
- Water Survival Course.
- Underwater Egress Training Course.
- Special Reconnaissance Apprentice Course.
Experience. The following experience is mandatory for award of the 1Z4XX AFSC indicated:
- 1Z451. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1Z431. Experience in reconnaissance, surveillance, long-range precision engagement and target interdiction, and combat enabling tasks.
- 1Z471. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1Z451. Experience performing and supervising duties involving reconnaissance, surveillance, long-range precision engagement and target interdiction, and combat enabling tasks.
- 1Z491. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1Z471. Also, experience leading and managing Special Warfare operations and teams involving