Updated: Jan 2020
1A9X1 Special Missions Aviation Duties: Performs aircraft visual inspections and in-flight duties. Operates and monitors engine and aircraft systems controls, panels, indicators and devices. Supervises cargo/passenger loading and offloading activities. Determines cargo placement and restraint requirements and directs and checks the placement of restraint equipment. Computes aircraft weight and balance and performs functions including airdrop of personnel and equipment/cargo. Inspects, operates, and secures armament systems and subsystems. Assists in planning and execution of mission taskings through employment of Full Motion Video (FMV) systems and associated equipment. Operates operations mission equipment, systems, electro-optical sensor systems as well as airborne weapons systems by employing combat procedures and tactics. Performs special missions aviation functions under training and operational conditions. Manages, supervises, trains, provides expertise, and evaluates activities. Performs staff functions.
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27 Days - Lackland AFB
Enlisted Aircrew Badge
For Entry Into This Specialty
- Normal depth perception
- Must maintain eligibility to deploy and mobilize worldwide.
- Height must not be less than 64 inches or more than 77 inches.
- Specialty requires routine access to Secret material or similar environment
Duties and Responsibilities
Performs aircraft inspections. Accomplishes pre-flight inspection of the aircraft, guns, defensive systems, cargo/airdrop systems, aerospace ground equipment and related aircraft equipment according to flight manual procedures. Accomplishes load planning of cargo/passenger loads and reviews load plan and cargo documentation. Maintains aircraft forms and records during flight and while aircraft is away from home station. Operates aircraft radio systems, airborne weapons systems and associated equipment. Uses night vision goggles (NVG) to perform scanner duties in relation to particular aircraft type and mission. Operates aircraft systems, auxiliary, and rescue equipment as dictated by mission requirements. Assists and coordinates with other positions to ensure safe employment of weapons, defensive systems, hoist, and related equipment. Maintains munitions account or sub-account and forecasts for ammunition requirements to include flares and all calibers of ammunition. Positions and manages ammunition and weapon systems to ensure maximum economy of force. Performs non-scheduled aircraft maintenance and pre-flight, through-flight, and post-flight inspections of aircraft away from home station. Services aircraft with fuel, oil, and hydraulic fluid, as required.
Computes and applies aircraft weight, balance, and performance data manually or electronically. Determines and verifies passenger, cargo, fuel, and emergency and special equipment distribution and weight. Computes takeoff, climb, cruise, and landing data. Determines engine fuel consumption using airspeed, atmospheric data, charts, computer, or electronic calculator. Records actual aircraft performance data. Supervises cargo/passenger loading and off-loading operations. Performs in-flight maintenance of airborne weapons systems and associated equipment. Applies quick and decisive actions to restore malfunctioning systems to operational condition. Conducts thorough airborne analysis/evaluation of weapons, defensive systems and associated equipment. Documents all armament malfunctions and discrepancies. Receives and signs receipts for and stows in-flight meals. Ensures availability of fleet service equipment and passenger comfort items.
Operates and monitors engine and aircraft systems controls and indicators. Assists pilot or performs engine starts, and monitors run-up, flight operations, and engine shutdown. Operates engine controls to provide desired efficiency and economy. Regulates aircraft systems such as electric, communication, navigation, hydraulic, pneumatic, fuel, air conditioning and pressurization, ventilation, auxiliary power unit, and lubrication systems. Observes warning indicators and light for fire, overheat, depressurization, and system failure. Reports abnormal conditions to pilot, and recommends corrective action. Applies quick and decisive actions to restore malfunctioning systems to operational condition. Performs duties as gunner, hoist operator, and cargo sling operator. Performs in-flight maintenance of airborne weapons systems and associated equipment. Conducts thorough airborne analysis/evaluation of weapons, defensive systems and associated equipment. Ensures availability of fleet service equipment and passenger comfort items. Receives and signs receipts for and stows in-flight meals. Computes and completes aircraft weight and balance documentation either manually or electronically. Adheres to flying, weapon, and explosive safety standards and conducts in-flight and ground training in all facets of aircrew duties, airborne guns, defensive systems, and related equipment. Visually monitors aircraft clearances (interior and exterior), identifies proximal threats to the aircraft and initiates corrective actions (aircraft scanning).
Assists with planning and execution of mission taskings through employment of FMV systems. Accomplishes pre-flight, in-flight, and post-flight inspections of FMV sensor systems. Assists flight crew in mission planning and target execution as dictated by Air Tasking Orders (ATO) and current rules of engagement. Locates, identifies, and tracks various types of targets to include Named Areas of Interest (NAI) and specific reference points. Interprets charts, imagery, and video data supporting relay of information to various agencies to provide real-time mission data and target updates.
Plans and organizes Special Missions Aviation activities. Organizes standardization, qualification, and other requirements of in-flight logs and reports, and records for accuracy, completeness, format, and compliance with current directives. Accomplishes in-flight checks according to flight manual procedures. Establishes standards governing safety, work methods, and procedures. Completes required aircraft forms documentation and border clearance requirements. Directs standardization of Special Missions Aviation performance in conjunction with aircraft performance engineering, engine conditioning, and preventive maintenance programs. Ensures conformance with prescribed aircrew procedures. Provides resources, equipment, directives, and technical information appropriate to the mission and assigned aircraft. Evaluates operational efficiency of aircrews and systems. Analyzes trends affecting aircrew performance and takes necessary action. Coordinates with other agencies and organizations to conduct special operations enlisted aviation activities.
Directs Special Missions Aviation (SMA) activities. Administers qualification flight to personnel engaged in SMA activities within flight test and operations organizations. Directs standardization of SMA performance in conjunction with aircraft performance engineering, engine conditioning, and preventive maintenance programs. Ensures conformance with prescribed aircrew procedures.
Inspects and evaluates Special Missions Aviation activities. Evaluates individual and group performance in terms of effectiveness and qualification in using equipment and materials. Interprets and discusses evaluation findings, and recommends action to correct deficiencies.
Performs technical Special Missions Aviation functions. Resolves technical problems encountered by operating units. Renders advice and technical assistance to agencies engaged in functions associated with SMA activities. Advises organizational commander or staff agencies on status of SMA activities and adequacy of equipment. Maintains qualification in aircraft.
Airdrop qualified only: conducts cargo and personnel airdrops according to directives. Attaches extraction parachutes to cargo and platforms. Inspects cargo and platforms, extraction systems and connects static lines. Checks tie downs, parachutes, containers, suspension systems, and extraction systems to ensure proper cargo extraction or release. Operates aircraft airdrop systems and supervises cargo and paratroopers exiting the aircraft.
Supervises and performs Gunship Sensor Operator Duties. Conducts unconventional/conventional warfare and special operations missions to include close air support, interdiction, armed reconnaissance, combat search and rescue, and limited forward air control. Preflights, operates, and limited in-flight trouble-shooting and repair, and post flights AC-130U/J gunship detector systems. Monitors radio communications. Determines disposition and locations of hostile and/or friendly forces by studying available intelligence data. Positions the aircraft using sensor systems to detect, acquire, identify, and track enemy and/or friendly forces. Fires gunship weapon systems and/or friendly forces. Fires gunship weapon systems during combat missions to ensure desired level of target destruction. Performs real-time battle damage assessment and operates all mission video/audio recording equipment.
Knowledge. Knowledge is mandatory of: electrical, communication, navigation, mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems applying to aircraft and related systems; flight theory; minor in-flight maintenance; personal equipment and oxygen use; aircraft emergency procedures; using and interpreting diagrams, schematics, aircraft performance charts, loading charts, technical publications and flight manuals; types, capacities, and configuration of transport aircraft; communications; current flying directives; interpreting diagrams, loading charts, and technical publications; cargo restraint techniques; application of electrical, mechanical, and hydraulic principles applying to airborne weapons and allied equipment, components, and systems; employment and care of ammunition and ammunition systems; principles of weapons employment and ballistic factors; weapon malfunction analysis and repair; and explosives safety.
Education. For entry into this specialty, completion of high school or general educational development equivalency with course(s) in mechanics, mathematics, physics, computer principles, typing, speech, and English is desired.
Training. Completion of the following training is mandatory for award of the AFSC indicated:
- 1A931. Completion of the Aircrew Fundamentals Course or previous equivalent and the 1A931 Special Missions Aviation course is mandatory for pipeline and non-aviation service cross training students.
- 1A951. Completion of an appropriate flying training course.
Experience. The following experience is mandatory for award of the AFSC indicated:
- 1A951. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1A931. Experience is mandatory in functions such as aircraft and performance weight and balance computations, aircraft records maintenance, and aircraft systems maintenance and inspections; cargo restraint techniques; communications; current flying directives; interpreting diagrams, loading charts, and applicable technical publications; border agency clearance requirements and forms; operation of cargo loading equipment; and cargo and personnel airdrop techniques and equipment; inspecting, operating, and troubleshooting aircraft and airborne sensor detection systems and weapons systems; performing scanning duties; using NVGs; emergency equipment and in-flight emergency procedures.
- 1A971. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1A951. Also, experience is mandatory in performing or supervising functions such as Special Missions Aviation activities; types, capacities, and configuration of transport aircraft; airdrop techniques; weight and balance factors; arithmetic; emergency equipment and in-flight emergency procedures; personal equipment and oxygen use; communications; current flying directives; interpreting diagrams, loading charts, and applicable technical publications; border agency clearance requirements and forms; cargo restraint techniques; inspecting, operating, and troubleshooting airborne weapons systems; performing scanner duties, NVG applications, ensuring safe and effective weapon employment, aircrew training and evaluation, and the accomplishment of all necessary reports and forms.
- 1A991. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1A971 and experience managing and directing Special Missions Aviation functions and activities.